Pets & Animal Pets Fish

Become an Aquarist Today!

An aquarium is a place where people keep fish and other water animals.
Aquariums range in size from small glass tanks to large buildings that display water animals of all kinds and sizes.
Large tanks called oceanariums are used to keep large (salt water) animals like dolphins and porpoises.
A person who has an aquarium is called an aquarist.
Most home aquarists have fresh water aquariums rather than marine ones.
The fresh water type requires less expense to set up and maintain.
The basic equipment for a home aquarium includes a tank and a tank cover, a filter, a heater and a thermometer.
A rectangular tank that holds 10 to 20 gallons of water makes a good aquarium for a beginning aquarist.
A popular type of tank is one that has a metal frame, glass sides and ends and a slate or glass bottom.
Most covers include a fluorescent or incandescent lamp that shines down into the tank making it easier to see the fish.
Lids that cover the top prevent the fish from jumping out of the tank and reduce the amount of heat lost from the tank.
The filter removes dirt suspended in the water and keeps the water clean.
Most filters are connected to an electrically operated air pump.
The pump produces a stream of air that pushes water through the filter.
A new tank should be washed thoroughly inside and out.
The tank should be placed in a permanent location on a level on a strong surface near an electrical outlet.
The aquarium should be located away from direct sunlight, drafts and radiators.
The gravel should be rinsed and put into the tank in a layer 1inch deep.
The tank should be filled with tap water.
It is best to fill the tank a little at a time and to watch for leaks.
Plants should be placed into the tank when is two thirds full.
The filter should be put in just before the tank is full.
The water will be suitable will be suitable for fish two to three days after the tank is filled and the electrical equipment is started.
Beginners should choose hardy, inexpensive fish that do not tend to fight or chase other fish.
Popular fish for beginners include angel fish, guppies, cardinal tetras, platies and white clouds.
The aquarist must be careful not to put too many fish in the tank.
A good rule of thumb is the total length of the fish in inches should not be greater than the number of gallons in the tank.
Plants make the aquarium more attractive and provide some food and shelter for the fish.
Vallisneria is an example of a plant that takes root in the gravel.
Now-a-days most aquarists use plastic plants which require no special maintenance.
Most aquarium fish should be fed at least once a day.
At each feeding fish should receive no more than they can eat in five minutes.
Some fish can find particles of food overlooked by others.
These fish include catfish and algae eaters.
New fish should not be placed directly in the tank.
The fish should have a chance to adjust to the temperature of the water.
A good way to help the fish adjust is to float the plastic bag containing the new fish in the aquarium for several minutes.

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