What to Do If Your Building Has Bedbugs
Scope of Infestation
- The first step in eliminating a bedbug problem is to understand the scope of the infestation. Bedbug infestations usually begin in the seams and corners of your mattress; if left uncontrolled, the bugs spread to the bed frame, baseboards, walls, windows and other areas of the building. Check your mattress for bedbug feces, blood spots or bedbug skin casings. Whether your bedbug infestation is minor or major has an impact on what control method you choose.
Clearing Minor Infestations
- The first way to eliminate a minor infestation is to clean thoroughly. Temporarily remove posters, rugs and other potential bedbug sanctuaries and clean them thoroughly. Vigorously vacuum all dust and dirt, and expose hidden areas of the room for cleaning. Vacuum up any bedbugs you find immediately and thoroughly clean all bed linens before placing them back on the bed.
Clearing Major Infestations
- Since bedbugs like to travel from walls and floors onto mattresses, moving your bed away from walls and making sure bed linens do not touch the ground is effective at controlling bedbugs. Additionally, seal cracks, crevices and openings in indoor and outdoor walls of the building, all of which provide an entrance into the building for the bedbugs. Also replace loose light covers and peeling wall paper. You may need to replace your mattress, but note that until you effectively control the source of the bedbugs, you are likely to have your new mattress infested as well.
- After exhausting all other methods, homeowners and building should only use pesticides as a last resort. Silica gel dusts and pyrethrin insecticides are known to be effective at killing bedbugs. In the event that these pesticides do not do the trick, it's necessary to hire a professional exterminator to clear the infestation from your building.