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Guadalupe Victoria: Mexico"s First President

Born on September 29, 1786 in Tamazula de Victoria, Guadalupe Victoria was a Mexican solider who fought for the independence of Mexico from Spain and became the first President of Mexico.
Guadalupe Victoria was the son of Manuel Fernandez and Alejandra Felix.
He attended Colegio de San Ildefonso to study law.
He became part of the revolution of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla in 1811 and was under the group of Jose Maria Morelos.
When Morelos was executed, Victoria then joined the forces of Vicente Guerrero and fought in Puebla and Veracruz regions.
Victoria suffered defeat near the Palmilla town and was forced to hide in the mountains.
When Guerrero and Agustín de Iturbide issued Plan de Iguala, a movement that seeks out an independent Mexixo under a constitutional monarchy, Victoria came out to the open.
He showed his support to General Antonio López de Santa Anna and signed the Plan de Casa Mata which aimed to overthrow then Emperor Iturbide.
Plan de Casa Mata succeeded and resulted to the overthrowing of Emperor Iturbide and Victoria became the first president of Mexico.
He was known to be the man who abolished slavery in Mexico.
He too founded Colegio Militar or the Military Academy and renewed ties with major powers by signing diplomatic treaties.
In 1843, Victoria died due to epilepsy.
His remains were first buried in Vercaruz and were moved to a mausoleum in El Angel de la Independencia in the city of Mexico.
In August 1845, the Congress of Mexico declared him as the "Benemerito de la Patria" or Hero of the Nation.


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