Society & Culture & Entertainment Visual Arts

Influence of Mediterranean Trade on Italian Art Objects

Italy is well known for the artistic taste of its people.
Mediterranean trade; especially comprising of luxurious items from the east, made a big impression on Italian people.
Impact of such trade on production is amply reflected in Italian art objects.
Many imported art objects made major contributions in improving the new varieties in decorative art in Italy.
Starting from the textiles to ornamental articles, the impact was clearly visible.
More than others, the Islamic and Asian motifs were discernible in the art objects that Italians started producing.
It was the natural influence of the imported oriental goods that effected the creation of such objects for nearly three centuries.
Decorative art traditions in Italy emerged with textiles, ceramics, bookbinding, glass works and metal works.
But the greatest influence that was marked was in the field of paintings.
Italian paintings were thus a combination of multiple culture and heritage assuming an international character.
Italian painting thus reflected trans-Mediterranean trade and commerce.
Whether it was carpets or ceramic works or textiles or bunds of writing, a lot of influence from the East, Middle East, and Far East were evident in every sphere of art objects in Italy.
Such influences were evident in the Arabic script replicated by Italian writings and Islamic motifs absorbed in Christian contexts in the paintings.
Even when during the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries import scenario went under big transformation; the influences still continued.
While large quantity of goods was coming in from other parts of Europe, the Italian merchants were still going for products from the East.
Despite some of the imported European goods being superior in quality, the demands of oriental products never dwindled in Italy.
Changes however were imminent in the making of Italian art objects as continental styles started creeping into their oriental traditions.
An artistic and social movement called "futurism" originated in Italy.
It continued to be an Italian phenomenon primarily though parallel movements were coming up in England, Russia, and other parts of Europe.
Influence of futurism was imminent in every form of arts.
It encompassed painting, graphic designs, sculpture, ceramics, interior and exterior designs, theaters, films, and operas, fashion, textile, literature, music, as well as architecture.
A new era had dawned in Italy and it was part of the overall Italian Renaissance.


Leave a reply