Pets & Animal Pets Fish

Helpful Tips to Freshwater Aquarium Maintenance

Do you want to know how to have a clean and healthy freshwater aquarium that's easy to maintain? One of the core concerns after owning an aquarium is its regular maintenance.
It's an ugly task, critical for all fish hobbyists but it's not as tough as most think.
This article is to help you stop procrastinate over cleaning your fish tank and educate you on easy to resolve problems related to freshwater aquarium maintenance.
Possible concerns with freshwater aquarium maintenance could be: 1.
Murky water and/or floating debris is a health hazard and needs immediate attention.
If not tackled early, this problem will lead to algae growth and can also result in disease.
Algae formed due to dirty water, uprooted plants caused by fish trying to eat them and its waste thrives in aquariums.
Too much can lead to a deadly process called eutrophication.
In this process, algae consumes oxygen in the water to decompose thereby lowering oxygen levels in water which will result in the death of the aquariums inhabitants.
Irregular or infrequent change of water results in fowl odor which is caused by the development of unwanted bacteria.
This can be a prime breeding ground for bacteria that can cause disease and result in the death of your fish.
Ensuring easy freshwater aquarium maintenance: • Check your filter.
Chemical filtration of dirty water using power filter removes unwanted materials, debris, excrements and impurities.
Depending upon how bad the water is these filters should be replaced with new ones every 3 or 4 weeks.
Those, who are regular in changing filters enjoy less maintenance and are able to give healthy environment to their fish.
• Nature itself brings an answer to the question of controlling algae.
Algae can be consumed by fish called Plecostomus, a.
a the sucker fish.
They're not the prettiest fish in the tank but it's a great and cost effective way of regulating algae levels in your freshwater aquarium.
If keeping Plecostomus is not an option, then try placing your aquarium in an area which is not directly exposed to sunlight.
This will help in reducing algae growth.
You can also buy tools from your local pet store to remove algae.
Ultimately, algae must be removed from the tank to ensure a healthy system.
• Odor occurs due to the growth of unwanted bacteria.
This can happen from too much excrement in the water due to inadequate filtration, something rotting like plants or fish or over feeding.
First step is to take a head count of all the inhabitants and see if anyone is missing.
If all inhabitants are accounted for, then the problem could be with filter not able to purify excessive waste which could be due to overpopulation in the tank.
If these are not the culprit, then you might need to replace the water at more frequent intervals.
Try keeping a log on a calendar.
Normally, one needs to add 10 to 15 percent new water on weekly basis.
Check your ph levels and make sure they are adequate.
Finally check the amount of food being given to the fish as fish will only eat until they are full and leave what they do not want resulting in it decomposing in the water.
• Quality and temperature of water are also very important.
If you are using tap water, you will need a dechlorinator to avoid fish and live plants exposure to excessive chlorine.
Otherwise, use distilled water available in grocery stores.
Appropriate water temperature is essential.
Make sure your tank temperature is the right temperature before putting your fish in their aquarium.
• Siphon tube is another popular tool used in purifying dirty water for freshwater aquariums at regular intervals.
It is available at local pet stores and operated by putting one end of the tube in the aquarium and suck out the dirty water into a bucket.
• Lastly the tank itself becomes dirty over time due to atmospheric reactions between air and water.
Rust can develop near connections with filter or water inlets, etc.
The dust could adhere to the walls of the tank which needs to be cleaned on regular basis without using soap as it is poisonous for fish.
A sponge and clean water is all it takes.
• Decorations and substrate should also be kept clean.
Gravel vacuums are a great for cleaning Substrate and can be found at your local pet shop.

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