Health & Medical Public Health

Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Adults and Adults

Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Adults and Adults

Background


The worldwide epidemiology of childhood Type 1 diabetes (T1D) was extensively described in the 6th edition of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Data were retrieved in approximately 45% of the countries. In contrast, we are unaware of a similar review on the worldwide epidemiology of adult T1D diabetes, although T1D is known to occur even late in adults. A major limitation of the epidemiology of T1D in adults is certainly the difficulty there is to distinguish it from Type 2 diabetes (T2D) requiring insulin treatment or from Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA), when specific markers of autoimmunity are not searched.

Here, our primary objective was to describe – through a systematic review of the literature – the available published information on adult T1D incidence, and the diagnostic criteria used for case definition. A secondary objective was to study how the variations of T1D incidence in adults mirrored those in children.



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