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Minnesota Lemon Laws for Vehicles

    Covered Vehicles

    • Minnesota lemon law applies to new cars, pick-up trucks, vans and the chassis of motor homes. It covers leased vehicles provided the lease is for at least four months. Consumers must use the vehicle for personal use at least 40 percent of the time. The law also applies to used vehicles provided the manufacturer's original warranty is still in effect.

    Protection Period

    • Consumers can find protection under this law for the length of the original warranty or two years after delivery, whichever occurs first. If the vehicle continues to have problems with the same defect after this timeframe has passed, Minnesota law extends this protection to three years after delivery.

    Qualifying Factors

    • To qualify as a lemon, the vehicle must have undergone at least one unsuccessful repair attempt for any problem involving complete failure of braking and steering or at least four attempts for any other problem. Additionally, any vehicle out of service 30 cumulative business days or more during the protection period also qualifies.

    Manufacturer Notification

    • Once the vehicle has met any of the above requirements, Minnesota law requires the consumer to notify the manufacturer in writing of the problems and that a resolution is requested. The manufacturer then has one final chance to fix the problem. If the manufacturer has not resolved the problem to the consumer's satisfaction, he can proceed under the law.

    Dispute Resolution

    • If the manufacturer has a third-party dispute resolution program in place and requires consumers to use it, they must do so. Consumers who have purchased vehicles from manufacturers who do not require this have the option to go through arbitration first or go right to court. Consumers do not have to accept decisions handed down through arbitration. Minnesota law requires consumers to file suit within three years of delivery of the vehicle. Consumers who have first resorted to informal resolution can file later than this but must do so within six months of the arbitration decision.

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