Public Health : Health & Medical

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Women and Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy

Women and Alcohol Consumption During Pregnancy

What potentially motivates a woman to drink alcohol during her pregnancy? This new study examines the issue.
Influenza Vaccines and Antiviral Drug Availablity in Africa

Influenza Vaccines and Antiviral Drug Availablity in Africa

Influenza is widespread in both tropical and temperate Africa, but influenza vaccines and antiviral drugs may not be commonly available. This survey looked at coverage in 24 African countries.
Knowledge of Heart Attack and Stroke Symptomology

Knowledge of Heart Attack and Stroke Symptomology

This new study takes a close look at how well men and women in the US understand the symptoms of both heart attack and stroke. Is there a difference between urban and rural Americans?
Influences on Self-protective Behavior for West Nile Virus

Influences on Self-protective Behavior for West Nile Virus

The findings of this study can help elucidate effective public health policy not only for education about West Nile Virus, but other mosquito-borne diseases as well.
Burden of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Elders: The Spanish EVAN-65 Study

Burden of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Elders: The Spanish EVAN-65 Study

Community-acquired pneumonia(CAP) in older adults grew due to an overall rise in this population. What are the incidence and mortality from CAP in a population-based cohort of community-living elders?
Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Adults and Adults

Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Adults and Adults

While Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed in children and adolescents, it can also surface in adulthood. This review examined the epidemiology of adult T1D incidence.
Alcohol Use as a Risk Factor for Tuberculosis -- A Systematic Review

Alcohol Use as a Risk Factor for Tuberculosis -- A Systematic Review

What is the strength of the association between alcohol use and risk of tuberculosis? What are the possible causal pathways?
Diarrhea Incidence in Low- and Middle-income Countries

Diarrhea Incidence in Low- and Middle-income Countries

Diarrhea in young children can be prevalent in low and middle income countries. How can it be prevented and treated in this very vulnerable group?
Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Adults and Adults

Epidemiology of Type 1 Diabetes in Young Adults and Adults

While Type 1 diabetes is most often diagnosed in children and adolescents, it can also surface in adulthood. This review examined the epidemiology of adult T1D incidence.
Patient Acceptance and Refusal of HIV Testing in the ED

Patient Acceptance and Refusal of HIV Testing in the ED

This new study takes a look at how patients view HIV testing in the emergency department. Are most amenable to it?
Guidelines for Preventing Malaria in International Travelers

Guidelines for Preventing Malaria in International Travelers

This concerning appraisal of current international and national guidelines for malaria prevention in travelers highlights the many inconsistencies and conflicting recommendations among them.
Adolescent Smoker's Sources of Smoking Cessation Support

Adolescent Smoker's Sources of Smoking Cessation Support

There are numerous support measures available for smoking cessation, but are young smokers taking advantage of them?
Parental Smoking and Child Poverty

Parental Smoking and Child Poverty

The negative effects of parental smoking on the health of children are well-established, but as this study indicates, parental smoking may also exacerbate childhood poverty.
Older HIV-Infected Individuals: Presentation and Mortality

Older HIV-Infected Individuals: Presentation and Mortality

Do older adults with HIV infection present differently with the disease than younger people, and what type of mortality risk do they face?
Factors Associated With Suicide Risk in Transgender Persons

Factors Associated With Suicide Risk in Transgender Persons

An extremely high proportion of transgender people--up to 43% by some measures--report a history of suicide attempts. What can be done to reduce this alarming number?
Frequency of HIV Testing in Urban vs Rural Areas of the US

Frequency of HIV Testing in Urban vs Rural Areas of the US

Why are rural Americans less likely to go for HIV testing than their urban counterparts? This new study offers some explanations.
Language and Obesity: Putting the Person Before the Disease

Language and Obesity: Putting the Person Before the Disease

The language that we use for individuals affected by obesity needs to consistently put people before their diseases.
Lack of Sleep, Low Vitality and Impaired Glucose Tolerance

Lack of Sleep, Low Vitality and Impaired Glucose Tolerance

What's the link between self-reported lack of sleep, low vitality and impaired glucose tolerance?
Sedentary Behavior and Health Outcomes Among Older Adults

Sedentary Behavior and Health Outcomes Among Older Adults

Many elderly persons spend most of their awake time in sedentary activities. Is this contributing to poor health outcomes?